According to the American Diabetes Association, 9.3% of Americans have diabetes, a disease affecting the way the human body processes glucose. Over an extended period of time, high glucose levels can damage the nervous system, reducing sensation in the feet.
Due to the suppression of the immune response and reduced blood flow to the feet in diabetics, the body may be unable to heal wounds you suffer to your feet. As sensation has already been reduced, if you aren’t checking your feet regularly, you may not realize your feet are injured until it’s too late. If left untreated, bacterial infections can lead to gangrene, which may require amputation to ensure that the infection does not spread to other parts of the body.
Cutting Edge Foot and Ankle clinic
Diabetic patients are prone to many foot, ankle and lower extremity problems due to peripheral neuropathy (loss of sensation due to damage of the nerves) and poor circulation. Due to peripheral neuropathy diabetic patients are unable to feel any pressure areas, painful calluses that can lead to wounds and open wounds that can ultimately lead to bad infections quickly if not addressed. Due to poor circulation, diabetic patients that develop cuts or wounds heal very slowly which can lead to increased risk of infection and ultimately amputation. Severe poor circulation (peripheral arterial disease) if not addressed can lead to gangrene (death of body tissue or severe bacterial infection). This can lead to sepsis (infection in blood that is life threatening). It is very important for diabetic patients to practice preventive care and important that diabetic patients to be seen by a podiatrist for routine foot care including nail care and callus care. We will also make sure you are in the proper shoe gear and inserts.
Routine Diabetic Foot Exam in our office includes: